In the previous period the Slovak Russian Studies of the 20th century were (even at the Institute of World Literature of Slovak Academy of Sciences -IWL SAS) paradoxically in an inconvenient position. For four decades (1948-1989) the officially preferred Russian culture positioned the people who tried to reflect on it in a difficult situation: on one hand the Russian studies belonged to the disciplines that had a wide public demand but on the other hand, as such they were 'under the glass', perhaps under the most rigid supervision, first of all, after a short breath out in the '60s, in the 1970s and 1980s. It is not by an accident that until nowadays the most renowned Slovak literary scholars of the second half of the 20th century were primarily specialists in Russian studies, and mostly in the institutes whose traditions are continued by the Institute of World Literature of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. Therefore, when summarizing these activities at the SAS, the work of two scholars Ema Panovová and Sona Lesnáková, who both devoted their professional lives to material and comparatistic research in Slovak and Russian literatures in mutual relations, is often omitted. Their works broadly resonated in a wider field of Slavist studies. In a sense of a matter-of-fact inclination to de-mythicizing and demystifying approach to Russian, Slavonic, slavistic aspect the author brought the contours of contribution of these two scholars to the Slovak Russian studies, and not only the at the IWL SAS.