2008 | 5(45) | 45-70
Article title

POLISH FOREIFN POLICY IN THE EARLY MONTHS OF WORLD WAR II (SEPTEMBER-DECEMBER 1939) (Polska polityka zagraniczna w pierwszych miesiacach II wojny Swiatowej (wrzesien-grudzien 1939 r.))

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Although the aggression by Germany and, then, the USSR brought about a collapse of the Polish state, its supreme authorities nevertheless managed to flee to Romania, thus making possible a subsequent restoration of legal state structures in France and preservation of state continuity in compliance with the constitutional requirements. In these conditions, the major goal for Polish diplomacy in September 1939 was to persuade allies to fulfil their obligations - which ended up in a complete fiasco. In the longer-term perspective, the focus was on, first, promoting political circumstances conducive to the reconstruction of the armed forces and, second, obtaining the recognition of Poland's new international position from neutral states, notably the United States of America (therefore, and especially in view of London's efforts to normalise relations with the Kremlin, the Polish authorities could not avoid taking a conciliatory, wait-and-see attitude towards the USSR). These objectives were achieved, at least to a certain extent. Owing to new agreements with the allies, the restoration of the armed forces was going ahead, while Poland enjoyed relatively wide recognition internationally.
  • Wojciech Rojek, Redakcja 'Polski Przeglad Dyplomatyczny', Polski Instytut Spraw Miedzynarodowych, ul. Warecka 1a, 00-950 Warszawa, Poland
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