THE SO-CALLED ATTACHED PARTS AND REFERENTIAL STATUS OF SPEECH (Tak zwane czlony przylaczone a status referencyjny wypowiedzi)
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The subject of the author's analysis is semantic structure (proportional or argumentative-predicative) of generic sentences, i.e. of general contents, describing constant states, qualities and characteristics. According to the described in the article concept, generalization of speech contents is accompanied by modification of its semantic structure, namely, its completion with higher level predicates. Changes in propositional structure also result in the change of the status of adiunctive syntactems, i.e. not accommodated by nuclear predicate (in the form of an inflected verb). On the one hand, such syntactems (usually in the form of adverbs) play compensational role - they compensate lack of some completions at nuclear predicate; on the other hand, they must be viewed as obligatory elements due to their completion status towards superior qualitative predicate (usually in the zero form).
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