The aesthetic sense is an anthropological constant. The sensual, aesthetic way of perception activates consciousness, stimulates imagination and cultivates the creative capacity of man. It is realized within an auditory culture due to the variability of musical manifestations, it forms a sphere of musical culture and adumbrates its basic characteristics. The classical manifestation of European musical culture is significantly modified as a consequence of the realized plurality of the poetics of music. The basic changes can be seen particularly in the forms of musical life connected with the concert type of musical reception. Receptive musical aesthetics is a methodological alternative to classical musical aesthetics. Here music is considered as an auditory phenomenon with specific aesthetic functions but not necessarily artistic ones. The receptive potential of music is multiform and it corresponds to a wide spectrum of typologically and axiologically non-homogeneous musical manifestations.