EDUCATIONAL POLICY IN ZIELONA GÓRA IN THE FIRST POST-WAR DECADE
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A very difficult social and material situation as well as problems with qualified professional manpower created the necessity to look for unconventional solutions. After the war trauma there was a shortage not only of professional manpower securing the reconstruction of the country, but first of all the lack of teachers being able to educate the new human resources. The difficulties were cumulated in the so-called Regained Territories. In this area, including Zielona Góra, due to the shortage of teachers, the profession was open to young members of ZMP - the Association of Polish Youth, who took part in preparatory teaching courses lasting only few days. This had to have an impact on the quality of teaching and the level of learning. The situation was complicated by the new authorities' pursuit not only to reconstruct the manpower, but also to create their new ideological human resources. The new human resources were being prepared within training courses and shortened forms of education after political recruitment. Every power, especially axiologically different from the former one, aspires to control the process of education and uses all sources to eliminate the competitive systems. It was important to limit the influence of the Catholic Church on education, to eliminate teachers with the pro-clerical attitude, to constrain the possibilities for educating children from the antagonistic social class and to control school parent committees. Schools with a secular curriculum (TPD - the Society of the Friends of Children) and under the party's auspices were set up. The results were not impressive as the outcomes satisfying the authorities were not achieved. Although generally the teachers represented the left political attitude, only few of them were joining the party. The material conditions were a crucial element of the process. The dormitories offered appalling conditions strengthening the negative impact of the post-war chaos. The situation left a mark in the form of moral degradation. Alcoholism, violence and prostitution were widely spread.
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