PL EN


2009 | 1(166) | 179-192
Article title

ON THE TWO WAYS OF METAPHORIZING THE WORLD. 'PARS PRO TOTO' OR 'INTRA PRO EXTRA'

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
What experiences can be referred to when attempting to familiarize metaphorically oneself with the nature (essence) of the world? What is the source of thus emerging metaphors? The author suggests that there are two possible strategies of metaphorical representing the world as a whole: 1) 'pars pro toto', 2) 'intra pro extra'. In other words, the source of metaphors can be either a more familiar part of outer reality or a dominant manner of experiencing oneself. Furthermore, the author introduces a distinction between two types of metaphorical language: 1) an intentional use of lexical constructions treated by user as metaphors, 2) a metaphorical expression of something without a conscious realization that a conventional metaphor is being used instead of a specific description. Concluding, the author considers the consequences of an 'intra pro extra' hypothesis, as well as the possibility of its empirical verification; either in the case of individual differences or between-culture comparisons. He suggests that in some circumstances we experience ourselves more as 'I am my body' while in others, we concentrate on the mental aspect of our existence, 'I am my mind.' This dominant manner of experiencing oneself may pass onto a preferred way of metaphorizing entire reality.
Keywords
Year
Issue
Pages
179-192
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • Krzysztof Mudyn, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut Psychologii Stosowanej, ul. Golebia 13, 31-007 Krak√≥w, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09PLAAAA068420
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.9b4a04d6-f0d4-3e84-90ff-e1e9996051f9
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