Emotions as a moral Sanction in Mill's and Hume's Philosophy
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The utilitarianism of J.S. Mill is similar in some respects to the moral philosophy of David Hume. In both theories the idea of emotional sources of moral experience is derived from empirical epistemology; in both theories emotions operate as sanctions of moral choices and moral acts. However as Mill's normative preferences are quite clear, Hume's position is a descriptive one: he only analyses human nature and psychological aspects of moral choice without adopting any axiological standpoint. It seems also interesting to compare the idea of justice, as a so-called social virtue, in Hume's theory with the same idea in Mill. The two philosophers recognize its deep psychological roots and its important role in everyday moral life.
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