NEOLITHIC SMALL CLAY PLASTIC ART IN NORTHERN KURZEME. ANTHROPOMORPHIC FIGURINES (Ziemelkurzemes neolita mala sikplastika. Antropomorfas figuras)
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The first patterns of Neolithic small plastic art were found at the excavations of Purciems C site, located near the ancient littoral of the Litorina Sea. The best example - a 4, 4 cm long figurine - has a summarily formed body with a characteristic modeling of the shoulders in place of the arms and a flat base in place of legs. The oval and wide face of the figurine has a nose formed in relief, but its eyes, eyebrows and mouth are marked by incisions. Some new patterns of the Neolithic anthropomorphic plastic art were excavated in the wetland of the Lake Lubans between 1964 and 1989. The best pattern - the head of a broken figurine - was found at the Nainiekste settlement. Its oval face with more elaborate details was modeled in a similar way. During the latest investigations at the Purciems F and especially at the newfound Gipka A and Gipka B settlements, located on the ancient bank of the Litorina Sea, archaeologists discovered 15 broken clay figurines. The new material allowed to classify the anthropomorphic small clay plastic patterns into several groups: upward-looking anthropomorphic clay figurines with a flat base in place of legs, anthropomorphic clay figurine with a scarf-like head-dress (Gipka type), anthropomorphic figurines with legs, the bead-shaped anthropomorphic representation.
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