SYMBOLISM AND POETIC CREATION OF EDVARTS VIRZA
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The authoress is concerned with the works of the great Latvian poet Edvarts Virza, and she concentrates on his poetic collection 'Bikeris' (The Cup), which is a genuine and at the same time the only piece of work representing Latvian symbolism in 'clear' form. Edvarts Virza subordinates a human life to the natural vegetation cycle and he integrates it into the higher structure of a natural cycle; it is the result of Virza's pantheism (pantheistic teaching), which identifies God with a nature and understands nature as a creative nature (natura naturans), not as a nature created (natura naturata). The model of the relations between man and nature Virza encoded into the symbols of a garden, flower, and cup. In accordance with the poetics of the symbolism these symbols are multi-positioned; they have several levels and surfaces.
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