CHANGES OF AFFECTIVE TONE OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL EXPERIENCES
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The paper considers a phenomenon of change of memories affective tone that took place in life of an individual. Most studies indicate that people notice more positive events than negative in their lives. If these events become more distant in time, the effect of fading is observed: memories of negative events fade faster than memories of positive ones. Careful analysis of empirical data suggests that in some cases this process does not take place: it happens in case of dreams and memories of trauma. Two attempts of explanations of the above mentioned relationships are considered: mobilization-minimization hypothesis of Taylor (1981) and suggested by the author concept of memory control.
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