2008 | 4 | 3-18
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At the end of XIX century, science in Ukraine was cultivated in universities, being represented by scientific unions, scientific congresses. The Ukrainian Academy of Sciences could adopt traditions of classical Western academies of sciences thanks to the effort of its first President, V.Vernadsky, a distinguished Russian scientist. His conception of the Academy combined the European experience with national scientific and cultural traditions, that is, the Academy as 'an association of state scientific establishments' in social, natural and technical fields. His vision of the Academy came in contrast with the one of M.Grushevsky, an outstanding Ukrainian historian, who believed that the Academy had to be a public association accommodating primarily social studies. Vernadsky chaired the commission on elaboration of the statutory act on the UAS. The commission met on July 9, 1918, and till 17 September 1918 it submitted about 30 memorandums on establishing a network of Academy's institutions. Its work resulted in 'Draft Act on Establishing of the Academy of Sciences in Kiev' and other statutory documents, approved by the Council of Ministers and, on 14 November, 1918, by hetman Skoropadsky. Also, on 14 November, 1918, the hetman's Decree appointed academicians of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. However, the actual date of birth of the Academy used to be ignored by the official history, being replaced by 12 February, 1919, which falls upon the period of temporary reign of the Soviet power in Kiev. The Academy, accommodating only two or three research institutions at the beginning, now has 200, more than 43.300 R&D personnel, out of which more than 10.300 are doctors and candidates of sciences. The article contains the list of most important Academy achievements over the latest 16 years.
  • B. Malitsky, Center for Science & Technology Potential and Science History Studies, NAS of Ukraine, 60, Taras Shevchenko blvd, 01032 Kyiv, Ukraine
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