Doma, v jeslích, nebo ve školce? Rodinná a institucionální péče o předškolní děti v české společnosti mezi lety 1945–2006
AT HOME, IN A NURSERY OR IN A KINDERGARTEN? FAMILY AND INSTITUTIONAL CARE FOR PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN CZECH SOCIETY IN 1945-2006
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The article focuses on changes in availability and use of childcare and pre-school facilities after the Second World War in the Czech society during different periods of communist regime and during the post-1989 era. It studies how they are embedded in context of women's participation on the labor market, gender roles, social policies, fertility rates, public debates on care and fears of population decline. Several discourses influencing the availability and use of childcare and pre-school facilities are identified in the history, e.g. 'the women's issue' discourse supporting construction of nurseries since 1950s, 'the children's issue' and 'the population' discourses contributing to several prolongations of paid childcare leave since 1960s, etc. In history based institutional settings are identified as the main factors leading in a new labor market context to a current drop in availability of nurseries and an increase in care of pre-kindergarten children by mothers at home.
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