SELF-ESTEEM AND JUDGEMENTS OF OWN COMPETENCE AND MORALITY
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Six samples (total N = 660) varying in age, occupation, and nationality were asked to rate their own traits related to competence (C) and morality (M) and their self-esteem was assessed using various methods. In line with the hypothesis of competence/agency dominance in self-perception it was predicted and found that self-esteem was more strongly correlated with the C than M self-ascription. Although in absolute terms the participants ascribed to themselves significantly more M than C, the former was completely unrelated to their self-esteem. This was found in all samples (student vs non-student, younger vs older, men vs women, Polish vs Dutch) which allowed to eliminate several alternative explanations of the effect. Also in free self-descriptions elicited from one of the samples, C related self-descriptors appeared much more frequent than M-related ones. It was concluded that competence/agentic categories dominate self-perceptions (and self-esteem) over equally favourable categories related to morality and communion.
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