THE PHONO-TYPOLOGICAL DISTANCES BETWEEN AINU AND THE OTHER WORLD LANGUAGES AS A CLUE FOR CLOSENESS OF LANGUAGES
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The article deals with one of the genetically isolated languages - Ainu. It is usually a common practice in linguistics to provide a genetic identification of a language. The generic identity of a language is the language family to which it belongs. Therefore, is advisable to find a family for every isolated language. The new method of phonostatistics proposed here allows a linguist to find the typological distances between Ainu and the other languages of different genetic language families. The minimum distances may be a good clue for placing Ainu in this or that language family. The result of the investigation shows the minimum typological distance between Ainu and the Quechuan family (American Indian languages).
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