'Blow Up' - The Problem of Focalization
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In the first section of the article, the author presents the concept of focalization; a narrative category formulated in the 1970s in the work of Gerard Gennette, but particularly in the work of Mieke Bal (who points that focalization and narration are distinct activities). In this section he also considers related concept of plot (and plotting) developed by Peter Brooks. In the second part the author analyzes the famous scene from Antoninioni's 'Blow Up' - the sequence of photographic reconstruction of events - and sees it as a metaphor of 'film image'. He shows the role the external and internal focalization plays in this narrative discourse. In the case of external focalization, he sees it not so much as a tool of a particular ideology, but (similarly to Lacanian Gaze) a centre of fundamental nonconclusivity.
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