Materie a nemateriální substance podle Bonaventury a Tomáše Akvinského
Matter and immaterial substance according to Bonaventura and Thomas Aquinas
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The article is concerned with Bonaventura’s conception of first matter in the context of immaterial substances. Bonaventura’s conception of matter is different to that of Aristotle or Thomas Aquinas, who rejected matter in immaterial substances. Bonaventura, in contrast to Thomas, accepts the Aristotelian terminology in a fairly loose way, interpreting matter as potential, or, more precisely, as the created. With this conception the assertion of matter in the context of immaterial beings is not so absurd as it may at first sight seem. The article analyses Bonaventura’s understanding of angels and man, and it compares him with Thomas Aquinas and his use of Aristotelian terminology.
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