Inchoativeness in Bulgarian and Polish. A Comparative Study
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The article deals with a comparative description of the bi-aspectual inchoative configuration which constitutes a non-causative variant of conclusive configuration. It is emphasized that exponents of this aspect include not only grammatical morphemes but also lexical morphemes, i.e. semantemes, while exponents of the configuration, i.e. compound aspects, include semantemes as well as concatenations of semantemes and graphemes. Accordingly, this comparative description of exponents of inchoactivity is divided into two quantitatively unequal subcategories: simple exponents - synchronic roots, e.g. Bulgarian 'opomn-(ja) se', and compound exponents, such as prefixal-root or root-suffixal ones. Both categories, in various proportions, are represented in the two compared languages. Among compound exponents one can distinguish concatenations of morphemes in which prefixes are of purely aspectual character, e.g. Bulgarian prefix 'za-' occurring in a wide scope of distribution, much wider than its Polish genetic equivalent 'za-', as well as concatenations of morphemes in which prefixes are amalgams combining aspectual value with non-aspectual meanings. One example is the Polish prefix 'przy-' in verbs of the 'przyblednac' type, which is a co-exponent of inchoativity as well as an exponent of attenuation, which of course has no aspectual character. A detailed description of inchoative exponents is documented with rich illustrative material from both compared languages.
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