EMIGRATION AND FACTORS DETERMINING RETURN TO POLAND OF THE GRADUATES OF THE FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AND ARTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WARMIA AND MAZURY IN OLSZTYN
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Migrating in order to find better living conditions is an unusual phenomenon, which is very difficult to verify. It has been typical for different groups of people for ages, either Poles have left their country to live in a state, where they were provided better economic and social conditions or political freedom. The phenomenon of economic migration of the Polish citizens after accession to the European Union structures was mainly caused by visible disproportions in level of earnings between Poland and Western countries. Primarily it has concerned young, well educated people, who perceived work abroad as an opportunity for higher earnings as well as chances for promotion or career. The aim of the following article was to probe the interest of graduates of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Arts at the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn in working abroad as well as defining reasons of migrations. It was essential to identify personal reasons and also individual deciding factors that lead to migration. The research concerned a group of 1410 students, who represented three majors: Pedagogics, Political Studies and Sociology. The probe was taken on associative group of 325 respondents. The results of the research poll were presented in a descriptive form, as well as in tables and graphs. The research showed that almost 25 % of students from the examined Faculty considered the possibility to work abroad. For most of them the main reason for migration was better earnings (80 percent). The only motivations to come back or quit planning migration was a definite change on the labour market, higher wages and labour demand. Due to the low level of preparation in the time of the research the scale of actual migration could be smaller.
- Uniwersytet Warminsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, Katedra Polityki Gospodarczej i Regionalnej, ul. Oczapowskiego 4, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
- Roman KIsiel, Uniwersytet Warminsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, Katedra Polityki Gospodarczej i Regionalnej, ul. Oczapowskiego 4, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
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