ON AN ATTEMPT TO CREATE THE BISHOPRIC OF SPIS IN THE MID OF THE 14TH CENTURY (K pokusu o erigovanie biskupstva na Spisi v polovici 14. storocia)
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The Spis provostry, together with two other provostries, those of Bratislava and Sibin (Sibiu in Transylvania), had a special position in the ecclesiastical administration of the Hungarian Kingdom. These three ecclesiastical institutions practically represented a level between a bishopric and an arch-deaconry. They held quasi-Episcopal powers. All three ecclesiastical structures served frontier regions containing a numerical predominance of German 'guest' inhabitants. However, the Spis provostry also showed some differences from the other two provostries. There are various documents, which show that Spis was one of the territories of the state, where a member of the royal family ruled for longer or shorter periods. Probably this is where we should seek the reasons for the attempt to change the Spis provostry with its quasi-Episcopal powers into a regular bishopric of Spis. The attempt to establish the bishopric by King Louis I and his mother Elizabeth is supported by a document in the form of a papal letter, which, appealing to a royal supplicat from the 1348, orders selected Hungarian ecclesiastical dignitaries to investigate the request. Although there was not a positive reply to the request and the attempt was not successful, the whole case represents a notable example of the functioning of cooperation between the monarch, the Hungarian Church and Papal Curia in questions of ecclesiastical administration in the 14th century.
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