On the Performance of Bernardine Pious Songs at the Turn of the Fifteenth Century
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Introductory data are to recollect the history of the appearance of the Bernardines in Polish lands - the foundations of the particular monasteries, and the origin of the Bernardine tertiary nuns and secular fraternities. The author went on to examine briefly the Franciscan or Bonaventuran model of Passion devotion, especially the forms, motifs and prayer schemes particularly popular during the Late Middle Ages among the Franciscans. General comments on piety are followed by a Polish-language Franciscan repertoire: catechism songs, chaplets, the hours and para-theatrical forms - Nativity and Easter Passion plays. This repertoire possessed its own performance milieu - the subsequent fragment outlines views concerning the performance of songs by the Bernardine monks and nuns or secular brotherhoods. Next the author discussed four monuments preserved in Bernardine sources - two songs by Wladyslaw of Gielniów: 'Jezusa Judasz przedal' and the chaplet 'Kto chce Pannie Maryi sluzyc', followed by examples preserved in a manuscript of 'Psalterium Beatissimae ac Gloriosissimae Virginis Mariae' from Lwów and, finally, 'Coronula sive Koronka', written by Brother Seweryn from Goblin. The text ends by briefly mentioning the impact exerted by the Council of Trent and the post-Council Catholic reform upon the development of Franciscan folk piety, achieved by, i. e. regulating the contents of prayer books and the status of the tertiary nuns and piety fraternities.
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