The article presents the functioning of institutions of social economy, as a new instrument of support and social-occupational re-adaptation for long-lastingly unemployed people. They prepare for activity in the open labour market, helping in self-employment through accustoming to a given occupation, granting micro loans or creating new work places. The purpose of the study undertaken by the authoresses is an attempt to find psychological conditioning for effectiveness of functioning within the frame of the model concerned. It has been assumed that significant factors conditioning effective actions of individuals employed as a part of social enterprise, and simultaneously important for effective operation of co-operative as an institution, are: a kind of psychological contract (expectations and responsibilities of long-lastingly unemployed people towards institutions supporting them), a type and size of support provided to people forming social co-operatives as well as recourses held by these people.
E. Turska, Uniwersytet Slaski w Katowicach, Instytut Psychologii, ul. M. Grazynskiego 53, 40-126 Katowice, Poland
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