G.M.DOBROV AND SCIENCE OF SCIENCE LEGACY
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The article contains two parts. The first part is devoted to the history of the national science of science, and it shows that although science of science studies were launched in the USSR as early as in 20s, they were repressed in 30-40s and reborn only at the beginning of 60s. In the post-Soviet period, science of science studies had to focus on transformation problems, along with rethinking the already existing information about science. The second part aims to show the importance of Dobrov's ideas for today, especially of concepts published in his book 'Science about Science'. They provide for the basic methodological principle of science of science, that the way to understand problems of national scientific system leads through their critical historical analysis. The significance of this principle for the post-Soviet science of science is shown, especially for purposes of sound diagnostics (investigation of initial reasons) rather than for mere pointing out to symptoms (mainly visible ones) of crisis-related phenomena in science. It is proved on the basis of Dobrov's book 'Science about Science' and other literary sources that the post-Soviet science did not live up to the above principle and, as a result, researchers fell into methodological 'traps', especially in choosing criteria/level of 'healthy condition of science', namely, the scopes of resource supply (money and personnel) to the Soviet science. Also, it is shown that answers to burning problems faced by post-Soviet science, especially ones concerned with research personnel, can be found in Dobrov's 'Science about Science'. Therefore, revision and rethinking of his works is truly in need today.
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