TEACHER'S GUIDANCE - THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES AND A METHOD OF MEASUREMENT (Nauczycielskie przewodzenie - perspektywy teoretyczne i metoda pomiaru)
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The article presents a discussion on classic and contemporary leadership models and their possible applications into educational studies. There are discussed individual models, as well as behavioral, contingency, and - more contemporary - transformative and propulsion models of leadership. In an empirical part of the article results of three studies were presented. In the first study, realized on large samples of students (N=1722) factor structure of Polish version of Multilevel Leadership Questionnaire was studies, and shortened version (10 items) called Short Scale of Teacher Leadership (SSTL), was proposed. This scale measures intensity of transformative leadership and is developed to be used by students to describe the teacher as well as for the teachers to evaluate themselves. In the second study it was proved that intensity of transformative leadership is a significant predictor of two of three dimensions of climate for creativity (Karwowski, 2009), especially significant were connections with task dimension of the climate. The third study was realized on leaders of scouts' teams, and showed intensity of transformative leadership is a significant predictor of team's successes but only in interactions with the level and style of creativity. The effectiveness of team's functioning increased with the transformativeness in case of the most creative and adaptative leaders.
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