Hungarian metainformational verbs concerning the value of information and the processing of information
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1. Information transmitted from sender to receiver has a certain value, determined primarily by the following factors: (1) the truth value of the information; (2) the degree of informatedness of the receiver; (3) the amount of redundancy in the information. Metainformational verbs that reflect the value of the information as determined by the receiver show that the evaluation of the truth value of the information can be performed in two different respects: (1) from the point of view of the information sender; (2) from the point of view of the metainformation sender. The sender's attitude with respect to the information he transmits, as well as his opinion on the truth value of the information that he additionally conveys to the receiver, are described by verbs like 'állit' (state), 'biztosit' (assure), etc. The opinion of the sender of the metainformation as to the truth value of the information transmitted by the (other) sender is signalled by verbs like 'hazudik' (lie), 'valótlanságot mond/állit' (tell an untruth), etc.. These verbs may also suggest the degree of falsity of the information. The same information can be evaluated differently by diverse receivers. That evaluation is usually expressed by phrases that consist of the verb 'mond' (say) or 'beszél' (talk) and the appropriate nouns in the accusative, conveying the evaluation itself, like 'hülyeségeket' (stupid things), 'valótlanságot' (untruth), etc. 2. The human brain can be seen as an apparatus that transforms input information into new information as its output. Such procedures are described by metainformational verbs that point out the type of transformation involved, on the one hand, and characterise the input information to be processed, that is, the source of the transformed information, on the other. The verb often clearly defines the relationship between input and output information. A separate group of verbs refer to an active behaviour of the information processing apparatus but, at the surface, neither the input information nor the source of information is signalled. Verbs of mathematical operations also belong to verbs referring to type of transformation.
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