ORDINARY POLES LOOK AT THE JEWS (Zwykli Polacy patrza na Zydów)
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The paper is a synthesis of Polish-Jewish relations in the light od surv eys conducted in Poland in the last four decades. Also covered are multinational surveys carried out in Europe and the USA. The attitude towards Jews is multifaceted - from factual knowledge about Jews, through like/dislike feelings and social distance, stereotypes and thinking schemas, to views on Polish-Jewish history. Unsympathetic feelings and prejudices result more from a general non-acceptance of strangers than from a specific anti-Semitism. Other facets, however, are uniquely related to Jews. Many surveys indicate that those attitudes take strong roots in and encompass a wide range of Polish society. In this regard Poland and some other East Central Europe countries are much alike and distinguish themselves negatively in comparison with Western Europe. The changes in Poles' attitudes towards Jew are looming. Their directions and causes are complex, but sympathy and feelings of closeness slowly arise. Those variations are part of a general change in attitude towards others but the change of attitude towards Jews has its own dynamics and depends on the public debates about Polish-Jewish relations.
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