Rytmická stránka Nerudova rýmu
The rhythmical aspect of Neruda´s rhyme
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This article considers the rhythmical aspect of rhyme in the published collections of verse of Jan Neruda (1834-1891), Hřbitovní kvítí (1857), Knihy veršů (1867), Písně kosmické (1878), Balady a romance (1878-83), and Zpěvy páteční (1896). The author´s method is to start from the theoretical works of Jan Mukařovský (1891-1975) (the rhythmical aspect of rhyme) and Miroslav Červenka (1932-2005) (the structure of endings in Czech syllabotonic verse). When describing Neruda´s collections, the author focuses on the frequency of the individual endings and their combinations in rhyming lines. The discussion is based on comparing the actual frequency of endings with their theoretical frequency (resulting from linguistic factors). The changes in frequency of endings from one collection to the other are put into a system with changes in, among other things, the range of meters and stanza types, and changes in the semantics of the rhyme. Particular attention is paid to the question of dactylic rhyme, which was an essential ingredient of Písně kosmické and Prosté motivy, and the question of rhyme without meter.
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