SOME ASPECTS IN REVITALIZATION OF TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES IN FOLK ARCHITECTURE
The traditional building techniques include plenty of information and affirmations that can be purposefully applied in the process of creating and improving the cultural memory of the society. Revitalization of traditional techniques in folk architecture means in this case the 'revival of historical manufacture procedures'. In practice, they are done for different reasons and needs. However, the struggle to protect the knowledge from being fully forgotten is the primary one. Nevertheless, only the finding of renewed social legitimacy for traditional techniques and the active social use mean the real revitalization. The functionality of the revived techniques is the necessary condition for legitimate revitalization. It is especially the museum memory institutions and the institutions of monument preservation that can try to revitalize the historical phenomena successfully. Those institutions have namely the opportunity to research the original and authentic element, to read necessary information in them, to analyze the information scientifically and to verify and apply them. Especially the open-air museums with their nature comply with the conditions of experimental centers that offer the unique chance to revitalize the traditional techniques in folk architecture in the most real and historically identical appearance.
Vaclav Michalicka, Muzeum a pametni sin Sigmunda Freuda, Lidicka 50, 742 58 Pribor, Czech Republic
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