PL EN


2005 | 41 | 1(163) | 77-86
Article title

On the Meaning of Numerical Value of Journal Impact Factor

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Journal Impact Factor (IF) created years ago as a device supporting the selection of source publications for Science Citation Index , has been later used to evaluate journals, scientists, and even scientific institutions. Being an object of a widespread criticism, it is, however, willingly used by some evaluators and money distributors. Although the impact factor is considered to be a measure of the journal influence, it is neither clearly stated what is the target of this influence, nor whether its value shows the degree or extent of this influence. The author tries to answer these questions analysing the selected data recorded in four annual files of Journal Citation Reports (2000-2003) and two editions: Science and Social Sciences. There are 6 pairs of journals taken into consideration representing the following subjects: immunology, chemistry, physics, economics, management, as well as information science & library science.Each pair consists of a journal having the highest IF whithin its subject category and a title receiving the highest total cites. Four individual ones are used to calculate Inter-journal Impact Factor values. Results of the analysis show that the numbers presented as impact factor of individual journals neither can measure their influence on the development of particular discipline, nor be a measure of their influence on other journals. The most influenced by these numbers seem, however, to be authors being under the pressure of evaluation and publishers under the pressure of profitability.
Year
Volume
41
Issue
Pages
77-86
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • B. Stefaniak, Uniwersytet Slaski, Wydzial Filologiczny, Instytut Bibliotekoznawstwa i Informacji Naukowej, pl. Sejmu Slaskiego 1, 40-032 Katowice, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
05PLAAAA0029708
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.a9facf68-c40a-3e56-8d2f-de4a7dba1680
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