PL EN


Journal
2007 | 15 | 4(60) | 111-134
Article title

WHY DO WE MAKE MISTAKES IN OUR REASONONG. JOHNSON-LAIRD'S THEORY OF MENTAL MODELS

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The author tries to answer the question why people make mistakes in their reasoning. According to the theory proposed by P. N. Johnson-Laird, reasoning is a semantic process based on mental models. Reasoners build models of the situations described in premises and then check which conclusion holds in all the models. Unfortunately, our working memory has a limited processing capacity, and so we often fail to represent all possibilities necessary to draw a valid conclusion. The more models we have to build, the higher the chance of making a mistake. Due to limitations of our working memory, we tend to represent in the models only what is true, but not what is false. One of the consequences of this fact is the occurrence of certain illusions: inferences that are compelling but invalid. The existence of such illusionary inferences have been corroborated by numerous experiments.
Journal
Year
Volume
15
Issue
Pages
111-134
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • K. A. Wieczorek, Uniwersytet Slaski w Katowicach, Instytut Filozofii, Zaklad Logiki i Metodologii, ul. Bankowa 11, 40 - 007 Katowice, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
08PLAAAA03937813
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ab1de0b7-59ca-3a25-b739-1f8f61fa1d4c
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