PL EN


2007 | 56 | 3 | 317-333
Article title

RUSSIAN NOBLEWOMAN'S SECONDARY EDUCATION IN THE 18TH AND EARLY 19TH CENTURIES

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
RU
Abstracts
EN
After Peter the Great's reforms, women were introduced into social life. Gentlewomen's life did not consist of parties, balls, trips and making acquaintances with celebrities only. They were obliged to educate and marry. In the 18th century young ladies had two ways of life to choose from - to learn at home or at an institution – ‘institute'. Institutes were closed schools and studying there lasted twelve years. Gentlewomen were taught to speak foreign languages, dance, sing and play musical instruments. The most important was the knowledge of French - the language of upper classes. Institutes enforced very strict discipline under the supervision of educators. Young ladies were often punished even for little offences. Isolation of young girls during this period resulted in infantilism and lack of experience. Russian literature of the 19th century abounds with novels describing gentlewomen's lives after leaving the institute. Writers took various attitudes to the institutes' former pupils: some of them criticised this form of education while others found it delighting.
Year
Volume
56
Issue
3
Pages
317-333
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • K. Kossowska, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut Rosji i Europy Wschodniej, al. Mickiewicza 3, 31-120 Kraków, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
07PLAAAA03316828
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.aba9347a-bb1a-31b8-9413-e6309e76fbda
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