It was assumed that in the majority of people the motivation to take risk is influenced by the need for safety and that this relationship may change as the result of intensifying depressive states. The article presents the results of the study concerning the relationship of depression and risk propensity to biophile and self-destructive motivation to take risk and to being involved in accidents. It was found that the risk propensity correlates stronger with biophile than with self-destructive motivation to take risk. It was also proved that the measurements of depression were significantly related only to self-destructive motivation to take risks. The relationship between biophile risk taking out of hedonistic reasons and being involved in accidents which do not require medical intervention was also observed. Moreover self-destructive risk taking resulting from feeling guilty and self- hatered proved to correlate with being involved in accidents which require ambulatory medical help or hospitalization. The results which were obtained seem to indicate that relatively common risk taking accompanied by motivation to protect one's life and health may, under the influence of the depressive anhedony, turn, first into risk taking 'with the consent to accident' and than into risk taking 'with the intention to being involved in an accident'.
R. Studenski, Uniwersytet Slaski w Katowicach, Instytut Psychologii, ul. M. Grazynskiego 53, 40-126 Katowice, Poland
Publication order reference
CEJSH db identifier