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2008 | 39 | 4 | 178-191
Article title

Personality and Cognitive Performance

Content
Title variants
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EN
Abstracts
EN
The two experiments reported here are concerned with the influence of trait anxiety and other individual differences on cognitive performance using the face-in-the-crowd procedure. Participants completed questionnaires (EPQ-R; STAI; Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale) and across two experiments searched for discrepant faces in matrices of otherwise identical faces (in Experiment 1: threatening, happy, neutral targets against emotional or neutral backgrounds, and in Experiment 2: threatening, happy, sad and scheming targets against neutral distractors). The key findings from this study indicated that anxiety enhanced processing efficiency of positive emotional material when interacts with high psychoticism. Additionally, the vigilance for threatening and neutral faces was a characteristic of sanguine individuals with repressive coping while inefficient processing of threatening and neutral stimuli of non-defensive melancholic subjects. These results are discussed with reference to attentional control theory (Eysenck, Derakshan, Santos, & Calvo, 2007).
Year
Volume
39
Issue
4
Pages
178-191
Physical description
source-id: PPB_39_4\D033605NHU082217.xml
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • Malgorzata Fajkowska, Instytut Psychologii PAN, ul. Chodakowska 19/31, 03-815 Warszawa, Poland
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09PLAAAA071018
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.ae8b88fd-1575-35d9-b59e-76241b3b6617
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