ON 'UNENCUMBERED APPROPRIATION' OF LANDED PROPERTY (ON THE SCOPE AND QUALITY OF ARISTOCRATIC POSSESSIONS IN PRZEMYSLID BOHEMIA)
When studying early state organisms in Central Europe (Bohemia, Poland, Hungary), specialist literature often uses terms such as landed 'property', ''possession' and 'tenure', without researchers simultaneously asking what qualitative features these 'properties' had in the 10th - 12th centuries and to what degree their holder could freely and fully dispose of them. To put it in other words, the question is whether and how the ruler's sovereignty over the country and its population manifested itself. This study also makes use of non-traditional methods of history of settlement and it re-visits the question of which routes led to the formation of large aristocratic estates in the Earlier Middle Ages. Its conclusions contribute to the discussion on both the nature of early Central European monarchies and the preconditions, which initiated their profound 13th century transformation.
Josef Zemlicka, Historicky ustav AV CR, v. v. i., Prosecka 76, 190 00 Praha 9, Czech Republic
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