ATHEISM, METAPHYSICS AND CULTURE TYPES (Ateizm, metafizyka i typy kultury)
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The paper presents the original concept of metaphysics, founded on the idea of double being, consisting of 'me' and 'not-me' separating of each other and suffering this process of separation ('metaphysical experience') and choosing the way of treating themselves and each other ('metaphysical choice'); in the article, is also discussed the biblical message, containing the 'universal pattern of culture' (the principle of domination and obedience and the principle of mutual acceptance of the equal competence in 'good and evil knowledge', and the choice between them); the author proposes also the special understanding of 'transcendence', different from the religious one, and shows the connections between the values created in the mode of metaphysical choice and the general cultural orders. One of the main claims of the text is that atheism enables to conquer the crisis of metaphysics.
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