PARTICIPATION OF THE NAS OF UKRAINE IN ELABORATING SCIENTIFIC GROUNDS FOR SUSTAINED DEVELOPMENT IN UKRAINE
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Main areas of research devoted to environmental protection and sustained development in Ukraine, carried out in a period: end of 20th-beginning 21th C., by institutes of NAS of Ukraine, in accordance with the UN Conference in Rio de Janeiro (1992) and World Summit on Sustained Development in Johannesburg ( 2002) decisions, were analyzed. The results of a survey of 91 institutes conducted in 2005, covering the 5-year period, made possible a scientometric analysis of their contributions towards solving the above interdisciplinary problem. In the questionnaire the following topics were included: -most significant results in 2000-2004, number of research works, amount and sources of funding, research personnel and research efficiency (number of implemented developments, patents etc.); -barriers for utilization of results and ways for their overcoming; -recommendations. The analysis of filled questionnaires allows for several conclusions concerning: interdisciplinary character of the problem (about 40% of NAS institutes were involved); a quite significant financial support for the problem (average share of its funding amounted to about 10% of the total for the NAS of Ukraine), which grew by 2,54 over the 5 years (2000-2004); disciplinary profile of institutes involved; qualifications dynamics of the involved researchers; dynamics of the introduced/utilized ecologically friendly technologies. It was found that virtually all the institutes encountered barriers in technology implementing/application, mainly due to the ruined trial facilities of the NAS, innovation insensibility of ministries and enterprises, absence of special innovation programs and moratorium on creation of innovation funds at ministries, inadequacy of legal acts on environment, lack of financial and economic stimuli for industrial implementation of innovations. Revival of trial facilities at the NAS is believed to be a foremost objective.
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