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2021 | 29 | 1 | 9-28

Article title

KSČ a přijetí zákona na ochranu republiky v roce 1923


Title variants

The Czechoslovak Communist Party and adoption of the Act on Protection of the Republic in 1923

Languages of publication



The subject of this paper is the Czechoslovak Communist Party’s reaction to adoption of the Act on Protection of the Republic in March 1923, which occurred in response to the assassination of Minister of Finance Alois Rašín. Research is based on study of the Communist Party’s archives, the archives of the Police Headquarters, its press and also records of sessions of the parliament, the senate and the constitutional-legal committee, where the act was debated, and the communists submitted a number of comments regarding this act. On all levels they pointed out that there is no need for this act and that it was only being adopted in order to protect the government at the time, not the republic. Despite the fact, that the communists were not the only opposition to the act, it was very quickly passed. An extraordinary convention of the party was convened in response to this, at which the possibility of illegality, which the communistic utilised in subsequent years, was discussed in all seriousness.


  • Moderní dějiny, redakce, Historický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Prosecká 76, 190 00 Praha 9, Czech Republic


Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

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