Group processes in a psychoanalytic and open system theory approach
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The studies relating to the unconscious processes of a group could be considered as a new field of research, even though they were started more than fifty years ago by Bion's work. According to the traditional viewpoint the unconscious processes of the group are very similar in different groups. The unconscious in the group is embodied in 'basic assumptions' and, due to them, the behavior of the members seems to follow a common myth related to dependency, fight and flight or pairing. In a more current approach it was supposed that the unconscious processes of a group cannot be generalized, they reflect the essence or the culture of the institution. For example, in army groups unconscious occurs mainly in flight and fight behavior because the task of the organization is fight, etc. This study had two main goals. On the one hand we checked if the group relation method is effective in Hungarian small groups. On the other hand the goal of this study was to make a comparison between the unconscious processes of groups in two different types of organizations - educational institutions and law enforcement agencies.
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