PL EN


2007 | 31 | 283-289
Article title

'Spentany jezyk' or on substitutions and calques in the language borderland, based on the materials from braslawski region in Belarus

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The article is concerning the semantic and structural dependence of the Polish language actually functioning on the Belarussian-Polish-Lithuanian border line on the Belarussian basis and Russian influence. One of the ways to maintain the usage of Polish language under the conditions of considerable limitation of its usage and, at the same time, its knowledge is a phonetic substitution and calquing of Belarussian and Russian vocabulary and a permanent link of words. This opinion is illustrated by examples originating from field research, performed by the present author and her Belarussian coworkers among rural population in the Braslav region in Belarussia. Considered are, among others, such examples as 'spentany jenzyk' (tangled, mixed language) came into being as a result of semantic difference between the Rus. 'putat', sputat' (to mistake), Brus. 'putats', 'sputats' (to mistake and to fetter (to hobble)) and Pol. 'petac', 'spetac' (to fetter); 'pentaniny' ('mixed people', users of tangled language), 'spotykac sie' (to joust in speaking) from Brus. 'spatykatssa' (the same), 'przelot' (a span In the fence), Brus. 'pralet' (the same), 'przymak' (the husband coming to the farm of his wife) and phrase 'w przymaka poszedl' (from Brus. 'paishou u prymaki, paishou u prymy' and others. Encountered in the area examples of difficulties in qualifying the language affiliation of the used lexemes leads the authoress to the conclusion that a tendency is appearing to loose the ability to delimitation of closely related languages functioning on the border line.
Year
Volume
31
Pages
283-289
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • E. Smulkowa, Uniwersytet Warszawski, ul. Krakowskie Przedmiescie 26/28, 00-927 Warszawa, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
07PLAAAA02515227
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.b28e2f0d-a935-36d5-a5fb-06d89e3542d3
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