'I HAVE TO GO' (Kell mennem, kell menjek?)
Languages of publication
The author claims that constructions of the type 'kell menjek' ('I have to go') have been around for quite some time at a dialectal level, especially in Transylvanian speech. In Standard Hungarian (of Hungary) it was first introduced on a large scale by Transylvanian refugees after the first world war, and it further gained ground in the early 1990s due to mass immigration from Transylvania. According to the data collected by the author, this construction is more and more widespread in the language of the media, whereas in spontaneous speech it only occurs sporadically (as a survey made by the author shows). It is also present in the language of fiction. Several linguists labelled its use as 'heavily dialectal' earlier on, but today it should not be frowned upon any more.
Publication order reference
CEJSH db identifier