Topography has always had a comparatively stable and important role in the diffusion and currency of philosophical ideas. The Herrnhuter movement is also associated with a specific area of influence, specifically Vidzeme, which is one of the regions in Latvia, and Riga, which was known as a trading centre. This movement significantly influenced Latvia's cultural landscape and introduced changes in religion, ethics, education and the social sphere. The first writers, musicians, teachers and cultural workers came from the ranks of the Herrnhuter movement, or the Congregation of the Brethren. The authoress conceptualises the philosophical and cultural-historical context of public space, and analyses aspects of socio-philosophical discourse of the Herrnhuter movement. She concludes that the Herrnhuter movement shaped the public space by bringing into it common views and symbols that constructed a common social reality; by promoting the exchange of knowledge and interests; and by producing the first intelligentsia. The movement also echoed ideas of Humanism and the Enlightenment. Although the public use of mind was rather limited because ideas were disseminated in manuscript form, criticism of social themes indicates a confrontational position with regard to the state - that was something new in the public space of that time.
I. Plume, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the University of Latvia, 1 Akademijas laukums, Riga, LV-1940, Latvia, http://www.lza.lv/inst/in20.htm
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