Violence and conflict management in the burghers' everyday life in the sixteenth century
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The everyday life of the burghers in the sixteenth century was full of violence. Murder and robbery were common, many knights belonged to the robber knights (Raubritter). The study gives many examples of robbers executed at Besztercebánya, Kassa, Eperjes. Sexual violence and rape were common, too. Contemporary judges thought that a woman could become pregnant only if she enjoyed the violent act, therefore if a women became pregnant after the rape, it could not be called a real rape. The family of the raped women often forced the victims to marry the rapper. Even very young girls, still children, were raped and the rappers got away with relatively mild punishments. Ritual group raping committed by young boys was recorded at Kassa in 1579. Many women committed infanticide, they wanted to conceal their pregnancy and thus the illegitimate relationship. A special case is represented by the execution of the town executioner of Eperjes, he was beheaded by his 'colleague' from Locse because he tried to kill a local soldier while he was drunk.
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