Jazykový úzus vs. postoj k jazyku v Čechách: výsledky empirického a sociolingvistického výzkumu v západních Čechách a v Praze
LANGUAGE USE VS. LANGUAGE ATTITUDES IN THE CZECH LANGUAGE: AN EMPIRICAL AND SOCIOLINGUISTIC STUDY FROM WEST BOHEMIA AND PRAGUE
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This article summarizes a publication (Bayer, 2003) based on two studies of language use and attitudes conducted in West Bohemia and Prague in 1998 and 1999 in which language material from a total of 105 participants was analysed. The bases for analysis were the phonetic and morphological characteristics of Standard Czech (SC) and Common Czech (CC). Participant selection was based on gender, education level and place of residence. Interviews were conducted in both formal and informal situations. The results of these interviews were compared with those of a concurrently conducted survey, in which the participants interviewed then provided information indicating their attitudes towards SC or CC. This comparison revealed a relationship between actual language use and attitudes toward the two language varieties - a discrepancy between the positive attitude towards SC and the great infrequency of its use. The gender and regional affiliation of the speakers had only a very minor impact on this relationship, whereas education proved to be an important factor. Finally, the causes of the discrepancy identified were investigated. On the basis of comments, primarily those made by student participants, the insufficiency of the linguistic education in schools is postulated.
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