THE PEOPLE'S MILITIA AND ECONOMIC CRIMES (1956-1970). THE EVOLUTION OF STRUCTURES AND ITS DETERMINANTS
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A presentation of the transformations of the structures and main trends of activity of the militia in its battle against economic crimes. The author stresses that until 1956 the communist authorities in Poland preferred to expand services involved in political persecution (the Security Office) at the cost of, i.a. a police apparatus focused on the economy. At the time of the breakdown of the Stalinist system the mimitia was ill-prepared for combating economic crimes; consequently, its undertakings proved inefficient. Starting with 1959, attempts at improving efficacy included gradual changes involving the expansion of a network of secet informers and better cooperation with other state services dealing with economic crime - the Security Service, Customs Services, the Border Guard etc. Up to 1965 the militia campaign was concentrated on exposing large-scale economic scandals with less attention paid to petty crimes; subsequently, attempts were made to conduct a better reconnaissance of the whole 'grey zone' of the economy. The author indicates that the network of secret inforners was the most effective form of detecting economic crime perpetrated during the period in question.
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