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2009 | 70 | 3 | 175-193
Article title

Lexikální sémantika neurčitých kvantifikátorů v současné češtině

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
THE LEXICAL SEMANTICS OF INDEFINITE QUANTIFIERS IN CONTEMPORARY CZECH
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
An indefinite quantifier always determines the quantum and usually also assesses it. It quantifies both substances and attributes. The assessment has a binary structure which is formed through a basis of quantification and a quantum that is denoted. This quantum is compared with the basis and assessed as small or large. There are four types of basis: (1) a quantum perceived by the speaker as standard in a certain communication situation (mnoho, trochu, velmi, etc.); (2) a quantum perceived by the speaker as the smallest or the largest desirable one in a certain communication situation (prilis, dost in some contexts); (3) a quantum separating the realization of some process from its non-realization (prilis, dost in some contexts); (4) a quantum which is expressed in the sentence and characterized as potentially invalid (prinejmensim, temer, etc.). The first three types correspond to autosemantic quantifiers (traditionally nouns, adjectives, numerals and adverbs), the fourth type to synsemantic quantifiers (particles). The synsemantic quantifiers require combination with an autosemantic expression which determines the value of the basis of quantification.
Contributors
  • Vojtech Vesely, Ustav pro jazyk cesky AV CR, Letenska 4, Praha 1, 118 51, Czech Republic; http://dlib.lib.cas.cz/4463/
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09CZAAAA065721
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.c36c8ffb-6faf-3d0d-8c52-6e9e79503450
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