Latinské a české verše o pražském pogromu roku 1389 : Ke dvěma pozapomenutým českým skladbám
Latin and Czech verse on the 1389 Prague pogrom : Two half-forgotten medieval student compositions
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We are informed of the anti-Jewish violence that took place in Prague at Easter in 1389 by the famous Latin composition Passio Pragensium Judaeorum (Passion of the Prague Jews), which has already been given adequate research space. However, oblivion has overtaken two short versified pieces that were preserved in a manuscript written by Bachelor Václav of Prague, which can be perceived as a semantic whole. The article characterizes this Latin poem with the incipit M semel and its Old Czech paraphrase as a medieval student´s composition with a social subtext, whose authors were most probably members of the Charles University academic community. The author of these Latin verses may have been Master Matyáš/Matěj of Lehnice, although this theory needs to be backed up with further research. Moreover, the M semel poem came to be part of medieval and early modern historiography, being quoted, for example by Prokop Lupáč of Hlaváčov and Daniel Adam of Veleslavín. Thanks to the historical rigour of these two Czech humanist historians, an authentic historical record of the events of 1389 was preserved in the early modern period.
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