The Newly Discovered Texts of Sappho and Archilochus
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The author presents the new fragments of Sappho (P. Koeln 21351 + 21376) and Archilochus (P. Oxy. LXIX 4708), gives a short review of the research to date, makes some textual and intepretative suggestions of his own, and adds an 'apparatus criticus' to the text of Sappho proposed by Gronewald and Daniel. At the end of the first fragment of Sappho (line 8), he reads 'qala/mois a)ei/dw' ('nuptias cano'), which, as a periphrastic generic term, together with a possible mention of the poems for the girls in the lost part of the same line, would cover the whole field of Sappho's poetry. In line 18 of the Cologne papyrus (i.e., line 10 of the second poem), he reads the fifth letter as 'phi' (following West), but then puts forward an entirely new reading of the rest of the disputable phrase, suggesting 'e)/rwi fi/la qei=san' ('amori indulgentem'); if the fifth letter is 'delta' (the reading the Cologne papyrologists strongly insist upon), he alternatively proposes 'de/ma qei=san'. As to the new Archilochus, in the author's opinion it is unlikely that lines 21-25 (in which Hercules' name appears) allude to Telephus' flight from the enemy, since the function of the whole 'exemplum' is exclusively to extol the success of that hero.
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