ABOUT OMNIPRESENCE AND PRACTICAL CONSEQUENCES OF HIDDEN SOCIOLOGICAL PARADIGMS (O wszechobecnych i praktycznych konsekwencjach ukrytych paradygmatów socjologicznych0
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The basic thesis of this article is that some of the discussed by philosophers topics pertaining to social and political phenomena are inspired by hidden sociological assumptions and, because of this, may be interpreted and evaluated by their researchers only after the disclosure of those hidden sociological notions. A similar phenomenon may be observed in political practices - the sphere that is extremely remote from philosophy. Moreover, the article shows that in the case of philosophy and politics not only the phenomenon of determination of thinking by 'hidden sociologies' is similar, but the very sociologies are similar as well. The article reveals basic theses of these sociological notions and proves that they contain a strong evaluating component. It is also claimed that this strong evaluating component, smuggled in as an objective description of socio-political phenomena, decides about their practical usefulness for politicians. Additionally, the article, criticizing assumptions of 'hidden sociologies', joins the discussion on the best sociological theory/theories. It is a voice of support of historical sociology as a paradigm avoiding evaluation of social phenomena and functioning as a good cognitive tool that objectively shows limitations to effectiveness of political activities.
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