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2008 | 3(227) | 343-365

Article title

Unknown Documents from the Underground Archive of Warsaw Ghetto (Ringelblum Archive)


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More than 95% of the known documents produced and collected by Dr. Emanuel Ringelblum's research team (Oneg Shabat) at the Warsaw ghetto in the years 1940-1943, which were subsequently saved from destruction, is currently kept in the collections of the Ringelblum Archive (ARG) at the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (AZIH). Over 130 documents are kept in two public collections. The first small collection (several documents) is kept in the set of documents of the Delegates of the Government in Exile at Home (Delegatura Rzadu RP na Kraj) at the New Documents Archive (AAN), and the other in the Hersz Wasser Collection (HWC) at the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in New York. An in-depth study of the archive documents from AAN and YIVO only became possible after the completion of work on the new ARG inventory in the years 2001-2003. The documents kept at the archives of Delegates of the Government in Exile at Home were smuggled to the 'Aryan' side before the 'Oneg Shabat' collection was buried. On the other hand, the materials kept at HWC come from the first part of the Ringelblum Archive, which was dug up in 1946. These collections are important for the whole of ARG as they also contain documents which AZIH lacks. From this point of view, HWC is especially valuable; it can be divided into four groups of archive documents: a) documents coming from 'Oneg Shabat' collections, whose identical counterparts (copiers) are held at AZIH (56 documents); b) documents coming from 'Oneg Shabat' collections, other variants (copies) of which are kept at AZIH (9 documents); c) documents coming from 'Oneg Shabat' collections that have no equivalents at AZIH (62 documents); d) documents not related to ARG (114 documents).






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  • T. Epsztein, Instytut Historii PAN, ul. Rynek Starego Miasta 29/31, 00-272 Warszawa, Poland


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Publication order reference


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