(Polo)zapomenutý vynálezce Vladimír Svatý
(HALF) FORGOTTEN INVENTOR VLADIMIR SVATY
Languages of publication
Vladimir Svaty, inventor and constructor, was born on September 19, 1919, in Roztoky u Jilemnice. He died on February 2, 1986, in Liberec. V. Svaty was a world-known inventor in textile engineering. He developed with his collaborators a loom of revolutionary construction using two natural elements, air and water, for weaving. His jet loom opened a new epoch of weaving technology. Air- and hydraulic-operated jet looms are wide-spread today in many countries of the world. They achieve much larger output than 'classical' shuttle looms, they occupy tinier space, and they are nearly noiseless. Their tending requires needs less effort. V. Svaty came from family that owned a small weaving factory in Roztoky u Jilemnice and a plant producing clothes and linens in Nova Paka. He graduated from elementary school and 'Real-Gymnasium' in Nova Paka, and passed the closing examinations (maturita) in 1938. In the same year, he took charge of the enterprise. After WWII he became head of the weaving factory in Roztoky, and together with experienced foreman S. Zahradnik he constructed an original picking system for looms there. He substituted the usual picking equipment with a jet and instead of a shuttle he used compressed air. In the beginning it was possible to produce only fabrics with width of 44 cm. The weaving factory in Roztoky was shut down in 1949. Researchers continued to work in Nova Paka for several months, and from 1951 at the Research Institute of Textile Technology in Liberec. Although V. Svaty's team succeeded in innovating the pneumatic jet loom gradually, it concentrated on developing a hydraulic jet loom. Passing a shot of weft was substituted by passing shot with the help of a drop of water. Inventions of both types of jet loom were patented in 1952, and V. Svaty was awarded the State Prize in 1953. In 1968 he obtained the scientific title CSc. (candidatus scientiarum). He worked in the Research Institute in Liberec until the end of his life. He authored or co-authored of dozens of patents perfecting jet looms. V. Svaty is a co-author of two special publications published home and in abroad, and he issued articles in special journals and collections of papers.
Publication order reference
CEJSH db identifier