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2011 | 39 | 145-158

Article title

FACES OF THE ARMENIA-AZERBAIJAN CONFLICT IN NAGORNO-KARABAKH (Oblicza ormiansko-azerbejdzanskiego konfliktu o Górski Karabach)

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The territory of Nagorno-Karabakh had become the matter of Armenian-Azerbaijani disputes long before the establishment of the Soviet power in the Caucasus. The colonization of Armenian citizens at the Muslim territories had been rising after every conflict which the Russian Empire was involved in. Especially after the Crimean War and Russian War which took place between 1876-1878. After the conflicts which took place between 1905-1907 and 1918-1920 Karabakh became a part of Armenian national myth. The establishment of the Soviet power in November 1920 resulted in recognition of Karabakh as a part of one Republic. The fact that during the times of the Soviet Union the conflict didn't exist can be only related to the military state. The begining of the current phase took place in 1987 the Armeni Supreme Council's decision from 10th January 1990 about covering the Nagorno-Karabakh in the budget and granting the citizens the right to vote in general elections was another step leading to escalation of the conflict. The authorities in Baku maintain that the essential condition is the principal of territorial integrity. It says that the resolution which would assume the integration of Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh to be the only one and proper. On the other hand the Armenians relate to the law of nations, and aspire to self-determination. According to them the declaration of independence became effective. The dispute is still one of the key problems destabilizing the situation in the furthest part of the Caucasus.






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  • Instytut Historii I Stosunków Miedzynarodowych, Uniwersytet Szczecinski, Szczecin, Poland


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